The most recent FAQs are about the brewing process and I noticed it's difficult to find a quick read about the process for non-brewers. If you're simply curious or just getting into brewing, much of the available resources might be intimidating. Here's a "1-minute guide to brewing" to help you get started.
There are 4 main ingredients to beer and their main roles are:
Malt provides color, aromas, flavors, and mouthfeel for humans and sugar for yeast.
Hops spice the beer to balance aromas & flavors while providing antiseptic qualities.
Yeast converts the sugar from the malt into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Water makes up about 90% of the beer.
There are 7 main steps to brewing beer (the image was found here) and their main roles are:
Milling crushes malt to optimize the mashing process.
Lautering separates the spent grain from the wort.
Boiling ("Brewing" in the image) produces the hopped wort.
Cooling ensures the yeast health and the wort quality.
Fermentation involves conversion of the sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Maturing/Conditioning ensures the beer is ready to be served.
I hope this quick read provides you with a helpful overview of how beer is made!